Thirty-nine years had past since Israel waited for Moses at the base of Mt Sinai; waiting for Moses to descend from the presence of the Lord with God’s covenant, instructions for how they were to live as His people.
All but two (Joshua and Caleb) of those people had died during their journey from Sinai and the next generation was about to enter into the Promised Land.
Now once again the Lord commanded Moses to make a covenant with Israel. This was not a new, or another or an additional covenant, but there were a few additions to the existing Sinai Covenant.
The most important additions were the curses, the establishment of the tribe of Levi as judges and priests and the requirement of regular sacrifices.
Deuteronomy 29: 1-6
These are the words of the covenant which the Lord commanded Moses to make with the children of Israel in the land of Moab, besides the covenant which He made with them in Horeb.
Now Moses called all Israel and said to them: “You have seen all that the Lord did before your eyes in the land of Egypt, to Pharaoh and to all his servants and to all his land— the great trials which your eyes have seen, the signs, and those great wonders. Yet the Lord has not given you a heart to perceive and eyes to see and ears to hear, to this very day. And I have led you forty years in the wilderness. Your clothes have not worn out on you, and your sandals have not worn out on your feet. You have not eaten bread, nor have you drunk wine or similar drink, that you may know that I am the Lord your God.
PRAY THAT THE JEWISH PEOPLE WILL RECOGNIZE AND EMBRACE THEIR UNIQUE RELATIONSHIP WITH GOD.